While calories are not as important as this video may have you believe it it still very interesting and worthwhile viewing.
On Diet Food Science & Behavior
- A friend of mine on FaceBook pointed out this article The Extraordinary Science of Addictive Junk Food – NYTimes.com by Michael Moss who is the author of Salt Sugar Fat: How the Food Giants Hooked Us. More on this later…
- Low Carb FAQ | Low Carb Confidential
From Dr. Peter Attia’s blog today On Diet
- Why Weight Watchers is actually a low carb diet « The Eating Academy | Peter Attia, M.D. The Eating Academy | Peter Attia, M.D.bbl
…You’ll note that people on these diets [WeightWatchers, Slim Fast, Zone, Ornish, Atkins, eDiets, Jenny Craig, South Beach, Volumetrics] including the strictest low-fat high-carb diets, significantly reduce their total amount of carbohydrates (therefore reducing the amount of insulin they secrete). Even the Ornish diet, which is the most restrictive diet with respect to fat and most liberal with respect to carbohydrates, still reduces carbohydrate intake by about 40% from what people were likely eating pre-diet.
The reason, I believe, most of these diets have some efficacy – at least in the short-term – is that they all reduce sugar and highly refined carbohydrate intake, either explicitly or implicitly. No one on the Ornish Diet or Jenny Craig Diet is eating candy bars and potato chips, at least not if they are adhering to it. Hence, these diet plans do “clean up” the eating habits of most folks…(read the complete article…)
- How can carbohydrate restriction be healthy if it means limiting “natural foods” like fruits and vegetables? « The Eating Academy | Peter Attia, M.D. The Eating Academy | Peter Attia, M.D.
- The Fat Trap, NYT Magazine article – thoughts and comments « The Eating Academy | Peter Attia, M.D. The Eating Academy | Peter Attia, M.D.
- What I actually eat « The Eating Academy | Peter Attia, M.D. The Eating Academy | Peter Attia, M.D.
Uploaded on May 22, 2008
January 17, 2008 presentation by Christopher Gardner for the Stanford School of Medicine Medcast lecture series.
The case for low-carbohydrate diets is gaining weight. Christopher Gardner, PhD, assistant professor of medicine at the Stanford Prevention Research Center, has completed the largest and longest-ever comparison of four popular diets using real-world conditions, which he discusses – the lowest-carbohydrate Atkins diet came out on top.
For some more information regarding Christopher Gardner the one time/ long time vegetarian and nutritionist who gave this lecture (and the study and lecture itself too):
- 594: Stanford Diet Researcher Dr. Christopher Gardner Still Following Up On Low-Carb vs. Low-Fat Diets For Weight Loss | The Livin La Vida Low-Carb Show
- The Tag-Christopher Gardner « Jimmy Moore’s Livin’ La Vida Low Carb Blog
- Moved to LivinLaVidaLowCarb.com/Blog: Stanford Researchers Confirm Atkins Diet Best For Weight Loss, Improved Health
- Exceptionally Brash: Dr. Christopher Gardner
- My New Hero: 25-Year Vegetarian Christopher Gardner | Free The Animal
…You’ve got a 25 year vegetarian, with three children as vegetarians and one on the way. And yet, he is going to tell you — and he’s extremely likable as a lecturer — that the Atkins diet (as practiced by subjects educated in it) kicked ass against four other diets (including chubby-face Ornish) in every single marker measured; i.e., weight loss and disease risk factors. So, it’s fun too.”It was a bitter pill to swallow,” says he….(read the complete article…)
- Low-carb gaining a foothold…with the mainstream » The Blog of Michael R. Eades, M.D.
- Gary Taubes and Christopher Gardner – Diet Trends and Food Policy – Jeffry Gerber, MD – Denver’s Diet Doctor
- Weight loss and LC: Time to stop denying the science | DietDoctor.com
- JAMA Network | JAMA | Comparison of the Atkins, Zone, Ornish, and LEARN Diets for Change in Weight and Related Risk Factors Among Overweight Premenopausal Women: The A TO Z Weight Loss Study: A Randomized Trial
- CAP – Christopher Gardner
Published on Apr 20, 2013
T. Colin Campbell, Ph.D., wrote “The China Study” in 2005. A professor emeritus at Cornell University, Campbell was the director of the China-Oxford-Cornell study on diet and disease in the 1980s. The book chronicles his findings about diet and health from his career in basic science. While not calling himself a vegetarian or vegan, Campbell supports a whole-food, plant-based, low protein/low fat diet.
Eric Westman, M.D., has conducted clinical trials regarding the Atkins diet, made famous by Robert Atkins in 1972. The Atkins diet, sometimes called the antithesis of the China Study, suggests that lower consumption of carbohydrate and higher consumption of fat leads to better cardiovascular health. Westman is a physician specializing in obesity medicine and associate professor of internal medicine at Duke University.
The two squared off at a public debate on the campus of the University of Alabama at Birmingham (UAB) on Wednesday, March 27, 2013.
Listening to the presentations I though Dr. Campbell’s presentation was rife with logical fallacies and at time he very conveniently left out information that didn’t or wouldn’t support his position (cherry picking).
For some more information regarding the Low Carb v. China Study debate and this debate in particular:
- UAB – Atkins Diet vs. China Study — a debate
- UAB Debate: China Study’s Dr. T. Colin Campbell vs. New Atkins’ Dr. Eric Westman « Jimmy Moore’s Livin’ La Vida Low Carb Blog
- The China Study vs the China study » The Blog of Michael R. Eades, M.D.
- Low-Carb for You: Thoughts on the China Study
- Fat Head » The ‘Atkins’ Study (ahem, ahem) According To Ornish
- Low-Carb vs Vegan and Vegetarian Diets – Time to Retire The Fad
- Rest in peace, China Study
- The China Study: Fact or Fallacy? | Raw Food SOS—
Atkins-bashing and the spirit of Bill Buckley | Richard David Feinman (The emphais is mine)
The headline read “Vascular effects of a low-carbohydrate high-protein diet.” The article, as anticipated, was trying to trash low carb diets. This is not uncommon. Those of us who work in the field are used to it. Low carbohydrate diets are the thing that doctors and nutritionists love to hate. Every junior faculty in a medicine department feels obligated to write a review showing how bad such diets are, frequently by saying that they don’t conform to the recommendations of the USDA, an example of what was the original meaning of “begging the question”, namely assuming the question in deducing the answer, that is: The USDA guidelines defines healthy diets. The Atkins diet says that the USDA guidelines are bad. The Atkins diet does not conform to the USDA guidelines. The Atkins diet is unhealthy. QED.
The paper in question, however, turned out to be especially infuriating, claiming that a low-carbohydrate diet will cause the build-up of plaque that is characterized as atherosclerosis but the experiment was absurd. It reminded me of the kind of articles that William F. Buckley, Jr. used to write, the kind that made you wonder: does he really not see how illogical this stuff is. By coincidence the low carb-atherosclerosis paper appeared about the same time as Gary Wills’s portrait of Buckley appeared in the Atlantic. It was a very sympathetic review although Wills was not blind to Buckley’s faults. I saw in Buckley’s personality this same kind of thing that was in the atherosclerosis paper. I understood pleasure in being infuriating but you can always do that while trying to get it right. I suddenly had some perspective on it all. I could see a mindset where the truth was not the main reinforcer as we say in behavioral psychology. Buckley was simply motivated by something else. So first, I’ll tell you about the low carbohydrate diet paper.
The thing that drives the nutritional establishment crazy is not that low carbohydrate are effective for weight loss. Everybody knows that. The earliest writers on food, Brillat-Savarin for example, made the observation that the principles of fattening your pig for market by feeding her grains applied to humans as well. What gets people nuts is that the cardiovascular risk that was supposed to follow from the increase in fat did not materialize. In fact, when actually studied, low carbohydrate diets reduced cardiovascular risk, dramatically lowering triglycerides (fat in the blood), increasing HDL (the so-called “good cholesterol”) and improving other risk factors. In fact, the paper by Foo, et al. in PNAS admitted “randomized trials suggest low-carbohydrate diets may accelerate weight loss with surprisingly little negative effect on serum markers of cardiac risk such as cholesterol,” but that didn’t stop the authors who were able to come up with new warnings about atherosclerosis from low-carbohydrate diets.
Robb Wolf a research biochemist and one of the world’s leading experts in Paleolithic nutrition responds to criticism of the Paleo Diet/Lifestyle:
- Science says the Paleo diet is bunk, right? Think again. Paleo Fantasy: Next Time, Try Reading The Research.
- Debunking the Paleo Diet: A Wolf’s Eye View I think Robb Wolf’s response answers Professor Christina Warinner’s criticisms very well.
From Andreas Eenfeldt, MD
- What Happens If You Eat 5,800 Calories Daily on an LCHF Diet? | DietDoctor.com (the emphasis is mine)
There is a difference between overeating and overeating.
When eating bad carbohydrates it’s easy to gain weight quickly. You’ll get plenty of the fat-storing hormone insulin in your blood.
It’s generally hard to gain weight on an LCHF diet. It’s even difficult to eat too much food, as you then usually have to eat more than you want. Even if you force down large amounts of LCHF-food, against your will, the result is usually as it was for Feltham. It’s a constant struggle and weight gain will likely be modest.
Overweight people eating as much as they want on an LCHF diet will typically lose weight.
Articles on High Intensity Interval Excercise (HIIT)…
- Conditioning Research: Another win for brief intense exercise.
One hard 4 minute session seems to have effects similar to 4 x 4minute sessions. The whole study is available and worth looking through:
Low- and High-Volume of Intensive Endurance Training Significantly Improves Maximal Oxygen Uptake after 10-Weeks of Training in Healthy Men
Our study demonstrated that slightly overweight and healthy individuals only required brief, duration bouts of exercise with good effort three times a week, to produce large increases in VO2max and work economy and reduce blood pressure and fasting glucose levels. Additional studies to examine both adaptations at the molecular level and feasibility for public health appear warranted.
There is a further write up here.
- Low Carb Diet News – Twelve Minutes’ Exercise Per Week ‘Enough To Improve Health’ If You Do It The Right Way… – Low Carb Diet News
- Even short bouts of high intensity training improve fitness in inactive men | Science Codex
- Get fit in 7 mins with high-intensity interval training workouts | Deccan Chronicle
- Michelle Bridges | fitness | high intensity interval training
- It’s A HIIT. Or Is It? – Competitor.com
- A 10-Minute HIIT Workout You Can Do Anywhere – Health News and Views – Health.com
- Dr. Wilson’s Fabulous, Incredible, Remarkable, Stupendous, Out-of-this World Weight Loss Diet | The CARB Syndrome Project
- Another good recipe for Kale Chips to try: Kale Chips | Maria’s Nutritious and Delicious Journal found via: SPLENDID LOW-CARBING BY JENNIFER ELOFF: Kale Chips
I still have to sit down and write my own review of Gary Taubes’ seminally important book Why We Get Fat: And What to Do About It
but until I do here is some of the other commentary on the book from around the web that I think is well worth reading:
- Book Review: Why We Get Fat, by Gary Taubes | Upgrade Your Healthstyle | Summer Tomato
…He also does a fantastic job demolishing the currently prevailing hypothesis that dietary fat and blood cholesterol are the causes of heart disease. They aren’t.
That so few people understand these points is why I recommend everyone read this book. It breaks my heart every time someone writes to me for nutrition advice and proudly points to their butter-less popcorn or baked chips as proof of their already “healthy” diet. Until it becomes common knowledge that fat is good for you and processed carbohydrates are the worst thing you can eat, I think this book is the best resource we have to explain it.
Still I do not agree 100% with Taubes’ conclusions. Though I do think the evidence is overwhelming that all calories are not created equal, I disagree that calories therefore do not matter and cannot be manipulated to help with weight loss. Taubes argues that how much we eat is dependent on our hormone levels (specifically insulin levels) that regulate energy balance, and that depending on this balance we naturally regulate our feeding and energy expenditure (exercise) so that we maintain our weight.
Taubes makes a compelling case that severe calorie restriction is counterproductive in weight management, and I agree. However there is some evidence that a small calorie deficit, on the order of 100-200 calories per day, is within the range of our natural homeostatic mechanisms and can be effective at controlling body weight….(read the complete review…)
- (More to come Tue, Jun 11, 2013…)
Duke University’s Dr. Eric Westman answers viewer questions about the Atkins diet during a live “Office Hours” webcast interview, January 19, 2012. Westman is the director of the Duke Lifestyle Medicine program and co-author of “The New Atkins for a New You.” Moderating is James Todd from Duke’s Office of News and Communications.
A short clip from an interview with FatHead movie director Tom Naughton.
(I would add that the radical extreme removal of fats in a low fat diet makes it tasteless and boring.)
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- Behind the “Biggest Loser” study headlines – a lost opportunity to educate about weight loss options | Human Limits: Michael J. Joyner, M.D. June 20, 2017
- Coconut oil isn’t healthy. It’s never been healthy. June 18, 2017
- Eating Late at Night Could Be More Dangerous Than You Think | Big Think June 14, 2017
- How the back pain industry is taking patients for an unhealthy ride | PBS NewsHour June 14, 2017
- Why You Need to Be Doing Burpees | Outside Online June 20, 2017
- Book Review: Wheat Belly — Lose the Wheat, Lose the Weight, and Find Your Path Back to Health April 16, 2013
- Book Review: Making Habits, Breaking Habits: Why We Do Things, Why We Don’t, and How to Make Any Change Stick April 16, 2013
- The MapMyRun Plugin May 9, 2013
- Inserting the Map straight from MapMyRide May 9, 2013
Blog Article Categories
- Why You Need to Be Doing Burpees | Outside Online
- Behind the “Biggest Loser” study headlines – a lost opportunity to educate about weight loss options | Human Limits: Michael J. Joyner, M.D.
- Coconut oil isn’t healthy. It’s never been healthy.
- Eating Late at Night Could Be More Dangerous Than You Think | Big Think
- How the back pain industry is taking patients for an unhealthy ride | PBS NewsHour